On this date in 1588, the Spanish Armada suffered an ignoble defeat in a prelude to The Battle of Gravelines. Five Spanish capital ships (Galleons) were lost in this initial skirmish. The English did not lose a single ship except for the fire ships that they set adrift amongst the Spanish fleet.
Subsequent naval engagements and inclement weather all but eliminated what was the most powerful naval force ever launched up to that time. By mid-August, England was the most prominent naval power in the world.